Question: " Can Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner be installed under extreme environmental conditions such as wet weather, extreme heat, and frigid cold? "
The ability to install Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner under extreme weather conditions enables our licensed installers to be there when you need us. Costly project delays can often be avoided and crews can remain active for more months of the year. Extreme cold, hot, or wet weather may slow our crews down, but it rarely prevents timely completion of a project.
Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner's wide thermoforming window often permits our product to be installed under extreme environmental conditions. Our pipeliner has been successfully used in the torrid heat of South Florida to the frigid cold of Alaska. The Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner installed in Alaska survived the coldest winter in 20 years in which the frost lines dropped below the burial depths of the pipeliner. Ultraliner was successfully installed in North Carolina while completely submersed by a flooding river. Ultraliner was successfully installed less than 6 feet from the Atlantic Ocean during a New Hampshire winter while extremely cold infiltration flowed around the pipeliner. In Colorado, Ultraliner was successfully installed while the ambient temperature was below 0 degrees F!
Question: " Will a tight-fitting Ultraliner pipeliner improve the flow capacity? ”
Pipelining with tight-fitting pipeliners cannot be expected to improve flow capacity by more than 10%; and may not provide any increase in flow capacity at all. Any improvement in flow capacity should most likely be deemed negligible to the design.
However....As a result of cleaning the pipes and relining (which reduces infiltration and controls root intrusion), local available flow capacity is gradually restored as the entire collection system is rehabilitated. As pipe capacity upstream is regained, previously surcharged downstream pipes will have the capacity to accept local infiltration which had previously been unable to enter the full host pipe (often referred to as "potential I&I"). Although flow improvements may not be apparent at the treatment plant until until large portions of the system have been rehabilitated, the improvements will be measurable in lne segments. As the system undergoes further rehabilitation, reclaimed flow capacity can become quite dramatic.
In addition to regaining capacity through elimination of extraneous flows, the smooth surface of the Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner (manning coefficient of 0.009) may improve flow rates despite the slight decrease in internal diameter. Because of the tight conformance to the shape of the host pipe, the effective manning of the installed pipeliner is likely 0.010. Flow rates are likely to increase by a negligible amount, so significant flow capacity increases [independent from the reduction of I&I] should not be expected from any tight or close fitting pipeliner.
If significantly increased flow capacity is a greater priority than avoidance of digging and disrupting the surface, then pipebursting procedures [which have the ability to "up-size" and create up to a 150% increase in flow capacity] should be considered.
The conclusion drawn from Uni-Bell's (PVC Marketing Group) extensive research of all published literature on this issue determined that "The appropriate conservative "n" value for minimum slope design of PVC sewer pipe is 0.009, as correctly justified by actual test data."
Question: " How tightly does Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner fit? "
When Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner is tightly expanded against the host pipe, the heat combined with the radial stretching of the material will reset the memory of the pipeliner to its newly thermoformed size and conformation. To avoid the radial shrinkage caused by the coefficient of thermal expansion [CTE], the pipeliner should be cooled using an aftercooler to bring the temperature down to at least 90 degrees F or within 10 degres of ambient while the pipeliner is under internal pressure. Under an installation process developed with an understanding of PVC material behaviors, a properly installed Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner will have no tendency to radially shrink and will maintain a tight fit.
The typical annular gap of a properly installed PVC pipeliner is approximately the thickness of a business card. A properly installed PVC pipeliner will fit at least as tightly as all other tight-fitting pipeliners on the market. In fact, upon direct inspection of an excavated section of Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner, the chief inspector of Nashville, TN stated that the pipeliner was "the tightest-fitting pipeliner they had ever used.
Question: " Can Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner be used for lining bends and structurally distressed pipes? "
Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner has successfully (and rather routinely) been lined through a variety of bends. In North Carolina, Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner was used to successfully line 450' of 16" steel pipe with 8 - 45 degree bends in it. It has also been used to line several 6" 90 degree bends for the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission (WSSC). Additionally, Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner has been used to structurally stabilize pipes with severe bends caused by off-set and displaced joints which were the result of ground movement.
The exceptional expandability of the PVC Alloy material uniquely enables Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner to accommodate such diameter restricting bends without the folding of excess material or vertical buckling. The pipeliner is extruded smaller than the most restrictive point in the pipe to be lined and allowed to expand to conform to the changing diameters within the host pipe.
Ultraliner is the preferred product for lining extremely deteriorated and structurally distressed pipes.
Because Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner is pulled into place, contact with the crown of a crushed pipe is avoided during insertion. By avoiding 360 degree contact with the structurally distressed host pipe, the risk of causing a collapse during insertion is greatly reduced. Ultraliner supports the full length of the host pipe during pressurization, thereby avoiding the risk of collapsing a structurally compromised host pipe in front of an inversion head.
Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner provides full structural integrity independent of the load-bearing capacity of the existing host pipe. Ultraliner offers 2 varieties of pipeliner (ASTM 1871 and ASTM 1504) enabling the project engineer to select the most suitable product for a particular application. The ductility, toughness, and flexibility of Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner provide a strength which surpasses mere stiffness.
Question: " What happens when an installation is unsuccessful? "
Knowing that problems will occasionally arise with even the best products and contractors, the question becomes "what happens when...?" Will the product manufacturer and the contractor be able to work together with the customer to ensure a win-win-win resolution to the problem?
One of the primary goals of trenchless pipe rehabilitation (in addition to structural renewal, infiltration control, and cost-savings) is to avoid community disruption. One must consider what the alternatives will be if a trenchless pipeliner installation is unsuccessful. If a disruption of some type occurs, how can the pipeliner be repaired or replaced? Considering the cost disparity between a trenchless installation and an open cut trench replacement, what is the financial risk which must be absorbed by the contractor if the installation is unsuccessful?
With thermoplastic Fold & Form pipeliners (Ultraliner), such risks are greatly reduced. The design properties are established prior to installation. The installation process cannot influence the design properties; they are established and confirmed at the manufacturing facility. When necessary, sectional repairs can be used to correct localized defects, such as a misplaced service connection reinstatement. Given no other option, a PVC pipeliner can be heated and trenchlessly removed often in one solid piece, unless the host pipe is in eminent danger of collapse. Such alternatives are much less costly and disruptive to the contractors and to their customers than digging up a pipeliner and removing it "bucket by bucket."
Question: " How cost-competitive is Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner as compared to other pipe rehabilitation technologies? "
It is up to the owner / project engineer team to determine which products and contractors should be included within project specifications in order to ensure that the needs of the end-user will be met. While suitability to need is more important than cost, once products and their contractors have been approved to bid, the determining factor primarily becomes cost-competitiveness.
Ultraliner is generally very cost-competitive against all of our trenchless rehabilitation competitors, and our cost-competitiveness further increases:
Question: " What training is provided to Ultraliner's Licensed Installers? "
Demand for Quality Assurance ….. With Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner, simple and inexpensive quality control testing for dimensions and material properties of each production lot is completed at the factory. This assures compliance with the project requirements. With Ultraliner, a single sample is representative of the entire production lot, as opposed to the necessity of taking multiple samples from every section of "field cured" pipeliner installed. There are no complex decisions to be made by the field crews regarding the quality and grade of resin to be used, selection of catalyst mixtures, or the amount of excess resin needed to accommodate for "bleeding," in order to ensure compliance with the material properties and wall thickness requirements of the project. With Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner, contractors can't cut costs by decreasing the quality or the quantity of the materials used in the field. Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner arrives to the jobsite in compliance with the specifications --- "What you specify is what you get."
Mobilization costs…… Ultraliner's equipment and labor requirements are generally lower than those of our fold and form, deformed/reformed, and "field cured" CIPP competitors. Additionally, our extensive network of local, licensed installers, who tend to cover much smaller territories, generally results in reduced mobilization distances.
As projects get smaller…… Because our competitors often have higher mobilization, equipment, and labor costs which must be absorbed into the overall cost of the project, they are inclined towards servicing large communities with large projects. This often requires them to follow large, lower-margin "Dodge Report" projects. The lower mobilization, equipment, and labor costs of Ultraliner's licensed installers enables them to not only be competitive on large projects in large communities, but to also cost-effectively service smaller projects and smaller communities, thus bringing the advantages of trenchless rehabilitation to almost any community. Very often the relative lack of available competition in the smaller communities together with the smaller size of the projects, enables Ultraliner's licensed installers to negotiate much of their work. The ability to cost-effectively service smaller communities and Departments of Transportation (DOTs) further enables Ultraliner's licensed installers to obtain an equivalent amount of work in a smaller territory, while thoroughly saturating their market. Additionally, the ability of our local, licensed installers to rapidly mobilize and cost-effectively service the smaller "emergency" projects further strengthens the relationships between our licensed installers and the communities they serve. It's no surprise that our licensed installers quickly become the trenchless rehabilitation contractors of preference within their territories.
With shorter pipe length projects…… Ultraliner's set-up time (with no need for resin mixing and "wet out") is comparatively negligible and the overall installation time dramatically decreases with shorter lengths of pipe. This further increases our competitiveness and cost-effectiveness. Ultraliner's productivity advantages enable our licensed installers to provide timely and cost-effective service to the storm sewer and culvert markets (in addition to the sanitary sewer market) and enables Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner to be cost-competitive in sizes up to 24". As a result, Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner has become the product of preference for many DOTs.
As pipe sizes get smaller…Although Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner can be cost-competitive in sizes up to 24", our cost-competitiveness in relation to the "field cured" CIPP processors increases as pipe sizes get smaller. The cost of the Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner material is effectively off-set by the construction cost advantages of the installation process. Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner's cost-competitive "break-even point" with "field cured" technologies tends to be in the 15" to 18" range, with Ultraliner becoming increasingly cost-competitive at smaller diameters.
As contingency costs increase…. PVC is a stable material which is not significantly affected by time or weather conditions. As construction projects become more complex, there are inevitable schedule alterations. The stable shelf life of a reel of Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner enables our licensed installers to adjust their schedules to their customers' needs without the risk of the material deteriorating. Ultraliner is always ready to use as soon as the host pipes are prepared for lining; and if the schedule is altered at the last minute due to unforeseen circumstances, the Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner will still be there, ready and waiting for use (no expensive refrigeration required).
Fold and Form required in larger diameters…..Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner is currently the only fold and form or deformed/reformed product routinely available in sizes greater than 15", and the costs of constructability for our competitors tend to greatly increase for such products in sizes greater than 10". As a result, many construction firms often resort to the use of "field cured" CIPP technologies for rehabilitation of pipes larger than 12". It should be understood if a project requires the quality assurance of fold and form on even one line of 15" to 24" pipe, it will generally result in significantly increased cost-competitiveness for contractors to use Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner.
The crews of our licensed installers receive extensive training and support from Ultraliner's own Field Service Representatives, who are available for consultation and technical assistance. When Ultraliner signs on a new licensee, key personnel from the newly licensed construction firm come to our corporate headquarters in Oxford, Alabama for in-depth training regarding the installation of Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner. As a vital part of this extensive training, new licensees work closely with Ultraliner's Field Service Crew using Ultraliner's own training equipment to install pipeliners.
Upon returning, the trained personnel are able to draw upon their experience using our training equipment, combined with their own years of construction expertise, to determine the best configuration for their own installation equipment. We also encourage our network of licensed installers to communicate with and learn from one another.
Once the new licensee's equipment has been prepared for use, our Field Service Representatives travel to the territory of the new licensed installer and assist the new crew with installing Ultraliner PVC Alloy Pipeliner using the installer's own equipment. This provides our Field Service Representatives the opportunity to make private suggestions to the management regarding potential improvements to the equipment, in addition to addressing other issues which could enhance the new crew's productivity. Once the Ultraliner Field Service Manager and the new Licensee are both satisfied with the proficiency of the new equipment and crew, the required training is completed and the new Licensee is approved for independent installations.
After training is completed, our Field Service Representatives continue to be available for consultation and technical assistance to both the licensees and their customers. Our Field Service Representatives maintain their own proficiency and gain further experience between training sessions by installing pipe in towns and cities in close proximity to the Ultraliner corporate headquarters.
Ultraliner also has a Project Manager/Estimator with over 20 years of pipe rehabilitation experience available for additional training and consultation. His insights and advice are available to help experienced general construction managers quickly learn the intracacies of being competitive in the pipe rehabilitation market. Sales and engineering support are also provided to the contractor and their customers.